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    How to Write IRB Proposal?



    What is an IRB proposal?

    Institutional Review Board (IRB) is known as the ethics review committee. US requirements sometimes govern the contents and elements of an IRB application, even if you submit the application to an ethics board somewhere else.

    All J-PAL-funded projects require to clear IRB review at MIT or cede authority to another host institution.  The IRB( institutional review board)  research proposal is a description of your study plan and this should be submitted in the required format.

    The IRB research proposal includes the research hypothesis, study background, design and methodology, data analysis, study procedures, also details about the subject population, recruitment,  inclusion/exclusion criteria,  informed consent process, benefits, risks, privacy and confidentiality, compensation, and cost.

    It is very important to design your research protocol to account for risks to human subjects. The study proposal is improved by recruitment materials, consent forms, and data collection instruments. After writing your proposal and developed the expanded materials, the next step is to get IRB approval.

    IRB approval is necessary before you begin conducting research. You can visit the IRB proposal submission form for more details.

    What to submit for IRB approval

    As per the New Study submissions must include:

    • UTRMS-IRB online application
    • Study proposal document
    • Consent forms (if applicable)
    • Recruitment materials (if applicable)
    • Data collection instruments (surveys, interview questions, stimuli, etc.)
    • Other forms or documents utilized with human subjects

    Review submissions must include:

    • UTRMS-IRB continuing review application

    Modification submissions must include:

    • UTRMS-IRB modification application
    • Revised IRB proposal or other documents impacted by the proposed research modification
    • Newly developed documents that support the proposed research modification

    All the forms, templates, and guidance documents are available on the IRB Forms page and Study-specific materials will need to be provided by the researcher.

    Preparing the proposal

    This  information is required for preparing the proposal

    1. Research objectives and purpose

    Try to add a brief purpose or scientific background to the study. Do not add a comprehensive literature review. Make this agreeable to a well-educated layperson.

          2. Procedures of the study

      • Make sure you Submit all the interview guides, survey instruments, and recruitment materials you want to use, and provide translations.
      • Try to Describe the consent procedure in full and submit the consent form exactly as you plan on using it. Waivers or alterations of consent may require additional materials. Once approved, the agreement form can’t be changed without a correction so it’s worth putting some work into this. You may need to use the IRB-stamped form.
      • Data handling is  An important risk of study participation.  Make sure you have good procedures for both physical as well as electronic data protection, including storing data in locked files and clearly stating the timeline and process for storage of personal information. Besides, make sure you describe in the assent form to whom and how the subject’s data will be accessible. State clearly which particular information will not be shared with others. This is totally important if you intend to publish the study data.
      • Deception and debriefing:  The IRB will need a detailed explanation if you need to save information from subjects. Some journal referees have rejected papers that they consider to contain unnecessary cunning. If you do use dissimulation, the IRB will likely require that you declassify subjects then and explain the true study purpose to them.

    3. Study participants

    •  Describe exclusion/inclusion criteria and explanation.

      • Are you working with unsafe populations (children,  pregnant, mentally disabled, or developmentally challenged individuals), and if so, why?
      •  you cannot use more subjects than you originally planned to enroll in unless you submit a reform. If you are not sure of the final subject numbers, provide an approximate upper bound estimate. Remember, there is no penalty for surveying fewer subjects than stated, but IRBs do not like to see approved subjects exceeded.
      • For an RCT, try to Describe the selection method for treatment and control groups.
    • Risk assessment:

      give a detailed explanation about all the potential risks for the subjects and how you are guarding against them.

      • IRBs will read this very closely and they may come up with risks that you feel are remote. You may be required to safeguard in another way against such identified risks.
      • Any  risks and benefits you identify you need to mention in your consent form

    Procedure for informed consent

    Normally, a consent form is written, signed consent is required from all study subjects. Consent procedures for research involving is more difficult so you should check with your IRB on the procedures. Depending on the age of the child ( seven or older) children have to give assent to study procedures that involve them, though the method of obtaining assent will vary depending on age. In addition, parents have to consent to research involving their children. If the study includes more risk, both parent’s consent may be required. MIT requires that research involving minors have written informed consent of a parent and the suitably documented ascent of the minor if the child is already over seven years old.

    The requirements for informed consent have changed  with the addition:

    • “Key information” to be presented at the initial  of the consent form
    • New consent elements
    • Changes to waiver criteria and documentation.
    • A “broad consent” option for unspecified future use of identifiable data.

    There are exceptions required for written consent. These may be important if the written consent procedure prevents subjects from participating in the research.



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    How to Write Research proposal Abstract?


    What is an abstract?

    An abstract is an effective version of a longer data of writing that highlights the major parts covered.   describes the content and scope of the writing, and reviews the writing’s contents in short form. The abstract gives the starting impression of the work.  so it plays a major role in where the application is funded.

    The abstract helps the proposal when it is separated from it provides the reader with his or her first view of the request and frequently provides the reader their last impression.  so  Some reviewers read only the abstract. Thus it is the most important element in the proposal.

    To present the essential meaning of the proposal, the abstract should summarize the significance of the work. The hypothesis and major objectives of the project, the procedures to be followed to obtain the objectives, and the potential impression of the work. here Length depends on the sponsor’s guidelines (from ½ to 2 pages).

    Why is abstract so important?

    abstract Help readers to decide if they should read an entire article or not. it is also Helps readers and researchers remember key findings on a topic. with the Help of the abstract readers understand the text by outlining key points former to read the full document

    what are the key elements that should be included?

    •  Background: this is the simple opening sentence or two placing the work in context.
    • Aims: try to include one or two sentences giving the purpose of the work.
    • Method(s): One or two sentences state that what was being done.
    • Results: One or two sentences indicating the main findings of the project.
    • Conclusions: One sentence giving the most important trouble of the work. so here what do the results mean? How will they be used?

    Steps for How to write abstract for research proposal?

    A proposal paper sets out your reasoning for the study, states the research, and explains your intended methods. An abstract gather the information in the proposal. An effective abstract can make the difference between positive or negative comments to the proposal.

    1.     Write About the Introduction and Problem

    A strong abstract includes all the sections in the proposal, including the introduction, where you should give some information about the issue and why you chose it. Don’t add detailed information in the introduction section. here you need to state what issue your project will address.  If you find you can’t focus your abstract on a single problem, your research may be too lengthy.

    2.  Summarize the Background and Focus

    A proposal recognize a reason for the project, so the abstract also needs to establish how this project completes your need. You may indicate how your plan different from previous research while summarizing information included in the literature review portion of your paper. Include a vast explanation of the project’s objectives, the research, or other material you will rely on in the paper and in your proposed thesis.

    3.     Explain the Methods and Conclusions

    The abstract should include general information about the procedures for your project. Explain if you will use qualitative, quantitative, or mixed measures and state the reason. Also What type of sample and procedures will you use to obtain your data?

    Add a sentence at the end of the abstract to indicate the conclusion you expect to get from the project and the implications of the results, which will create a sense for the document. Try to add the abstract is a summary of the material in the paper, so only include information in the abstract that will also appear in the actual paper.

    4.     Follow Proper Formatting

    Double-check your field’s style guide. After finishing a draft, revise your abstract to create proper language, keeping the abstract to a maximum of 250 words. Try to Find out the examples of acceptable abstracts from your field and institution to use as models.

    If you write the abstract before finishing the proposal, make sure you review it once you have completed the paper. try to Insert a page break after the title page and place the abstract there, also including the running head and page number in the header.

    Helpful tips when writing an abstract:

    • Reread your article or proposal with the goal of abstracting in mind.
    • Look specifically for these main parts of the article or proposal: which include purpose, methods, scope, results, conclusions, and recommendations.
    • Use the headings and table of contents as a guide to writing your abstract.
    • After you have finished rereading the article or proposal, write a rough draft without looking back at what you’re abstracting.
    • Don’t merely copy key sentences you will put in too much or too little information.
    • summarize your information
    • Revise your rough draft
    • Correct weaknesses in an organization
    • Improve transitions from point to point
    • Remove unnecessary information
    • Make sure it is complete and correct



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    How to Write Technical Proposal?


    What is the technical proposal?

    A technical proposal is a document that shows the introduction of your product, also how its works,  how it can help solve the recipient’s issue, check out the company’s plan for execution, and also provide technical details of the deal.

    Types of technical proposal & their significance

    A company may send out a public announcement requesting proposals for a particular project. This public announcement is called a request for proposals (RFP) which could be issued through websites, emails, social media, newspapers, or trade journals.

    Technical Proposal Guidelines

    1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY (OR ABSTRACT) which shows the brief summary (l page or less) about your proposed work.
    2. TABLE OF CONTENTS (which describes the actual content which is present in the proposal)
    •   The technical background provides the solution for the problem and provides motivation for why such type of undertaking would be required and beneficial.
    •   Description of the  Proposed Work Provide technical clarification for the proposed work and include the data obtained by yourselves that would support the feasibility of your idea. This section is sometimes the largest and can contain many subsections.


    • 3.2.1 Theory
    • 3.2.2 Previous Experimental Results
    • 3.2.3 Theoretical Modeling of Experimental Results
    • 3.2.4 Implications of Work Completed to Date
    • 3.2.5 Identification of Critical Needs

    4.1 Objectives of the project

    4.2         Statement of the work

    4.2.1      Project Tasks List the particular tasks that need to be performed in order to meet the objectives which are listed in the task list. Try to include numbered as Task 1, Task 2, etc., with sub-tasks (if any) numbered Task 1.1, Task 1.2, etc. Provide a brief description of each task/ subtask.

    4.2.2      Project Schedule List includes the schedule for completion of each task and overall project completion. A chart may be used in this section to describe the schedule if desired.

    4.2.3      Estimated Costs Define the costs associated with each task and for overall project completion which is Includes estimates for all labor involvement (including benefits – assume 33%), and also any equipment or supply costs. An overall overhead charge (assume 49.5%) will also be included on all labor and supply costs, as well as equipment under $5000.


    •   Project Team,  Key Personnel Identify team management structure, and list qualifications and relevant experience of key team members.
    • Equipment and Facilities Identify the suitability of the equipment to be used and purchased in carrying out this project. Clearly indicate what type of equipment is an existing capability, and what needs to be constructed /purchased to complete the project.

    This section specifies the benefits of undertaking the proposed work. These can include economic, environmental, societal, or any other benefits that could have an impact at any level that would help justify the time and expense of carrying out this project.


    This section includes the Identify of any potentially adverse environmental impacts arising from the completion of this work. Also, Common items might be the use of hazardous chemicals that require subsequent disposal, or emissions of toxic substances which is happened due to the operation of a process. If there are no inauspicious impacts, then a simple statement of that fact will be sufficient for this section.





    This Technical proposal/ contract states the terms and conditions that govern the contractual agreement between the company having its principal place of business at [COMPANY ADDRESS] (the “Company”), and [INVENTOR] (the “Inventor”) who agrees to be bound by this Contract/proposal.

    here the Inventor has conceived [PRODUCT] which is a [DESCRIBE PRODUCT] (the “Product”) and the Company has agreed to [EXTENT OF COMMITMENT] according to the terms and conditions herein.

    So here, In consideration of the mutual undertake and promises made by the parties hereto, the Company and the Inventor  covenant and agree as follows:


    Technical details of the Product are connected hereto as Exhibit A.


    The Company agrees to perform all duties which are explained on the page attached hereto as Exhibit B.


    In consideration for the rights communicate herein, the Company agrees to pay the Inventor [AMOUNT] to be paid on or before [DATE].


    The Parties concede and agree that the Company will hold all property rights in the Product including, but not limited to, copyright and trademark rights. The Inventor decides not to claim any such ownership in the cognitive property innate in the Product at any time after the execution of this Contract.


    No modification can be done unless in writing and agreed upon by both Parties.


    This Contract and the explanation of its terms shall be governed by and clarify in accordance with the laws of the State of [STATE] and subject to the exclusive authority of the federal and state courts located in [COUNTY], [STATE].

    IN WITNESS WHEREOF, each of the Parties has assassinated this Contract, both Parties by its duly sanction officer, as of the day and year set forth below.


    _________________________________ _____________

    [NAME], [TITLE]                                        DATE


    _________________________________ ______________

    [NAME]                                                         DATE





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    How to Write Photography Proposal?

    Writing an estimate is required for large advertising jobs. Editorial jobs for magazines and newspapers sometimes approach you with a predetermined budget. Wedding and portrait photographers structure their forms and fees differently. These tips will help you think about what, and how much, to charge a prospective client.

    Steps for How to Write Photography Proposal

    Here the photography proposal divided into three sections: project description, usage rights, and fees. Here is the proposal writing process.

    Step 1.  Get the information from the client

    Try to describe the project-related question answers. Try to collect  as much information from the client as possible by asking the following questions:

    1. How many shots will you need?
    2. When/where will the shoot take place?
    3. What is the concept of photography?
    4. Who will provide art direction?
    5. who is your stylist?
    6. If needed, who will retouch?
    7. What is the deadline for the finished photographs?

    Then take this information and write a brief project description, so try to involved in the project is on the same page. This also helps you from getting asked by the client to shoot more shots than you originally agreed to, etc.

    Step  2. Rights

    The second section is all about usage rights for the images. Be sure to ask the client where they used these photos. Will they be used on the web only or any other place?   Or any add campaign? If they use for national ad campaign then the usage fee will be higher than email blast promotion.

    After a discussion about usage, ask them for how long they like to purchase the rights to the example of the photo – 1-year, 5-year, and full buyout options.   if they want it for more than 5 years they can renegotiate with you at that time. foot quote and BlinkBid are good programs for getting some evaluation numbers for usage fees. It sometimes errors on the high side, but it’s a good starting point if you are new to photography.

    Step 3.    Content of the proposal

    The third section of the proposal content of the list includes:

    1. Your creative fee/photographer day rate
    2. Post-production editing time
    3. Digital technician or photo assistant fees
    4. Equipment rental
    5. Usage fees

    Be sure about the list and charges.  If you are involved in model casting, charge for it. If you have been asked to the location out then charge for that. You may want to consider using higher-end evaluation so that you have room to consult and cover additional expenses that may come up at the last minute.  Lastly, when presenting a finished estimate to a client, make sure it has an organized look and feel on a branded document.

    Photography proposal template

    Cover Letter

    Hi [Client.FirstName],

    It was great meeting you and thank you for considering [Sender. Company] for your photography needs. I’m confident enough that I can deliver exactly what you are looking for within your budget.

    This is a photography proposal that shows my service options and pricing. If you have any questions, don’t hesitate you can contact me.


    [Sender.FirstName] [Sender.LastName]




    Photography Portfolio

    You can expect only professional behavior and results from me. I have been a professional photographer for [Number of years] years and here will deliver only the highest-quality photographs. I’m passionate about my work with client’s satisfaction and  I will try to produce the best photos for you.

    Feel free to view similar work I have done here: this is the portfolio link

    Project Description

    [Client.FirstName] [Client.LastName] is required for high-quality professional photographs of [Event] on [Event date]. Per our discussion, we have agreed upon the following:

    1. [Sender.FirstName] will show at [Event] at [Event time].
    2. [Sender.FirstName] is expected to remain at [Event] for [Number of hours].
    3. [Client.FirstName] [Client.LastName] has also requested the following specific images:

    Available Services

    [Sender.FirstName] [Sender.LastName] has the following services available for this [Event]. Please choose or select all that apply:

    High-Resolution  digital photographs can be delivered to you via the following:

    Photo delivery method

    High-Resolution  digital photographs can be delivered in the following formats:

    Photo format

    The following post-production services are available:

    Color adjusting


    Photo retouching

    Cost and Fees

    For the above-mentioned project, the following rates will be such as-:

    Hourly rate: [Fee] per hour.

    A non-refundable retainer: The [Retainer amount] due to  [Retainer date].

    Name                                                        Price                                 QTY                  Subtotal
    Hourly Rate
    Per Mile, if 20 miles outside of []

    Travel: [Travel fee] per mile if ahead than 20  miles from [your place]

    Photo Delivery: If you prefer delivery via hard disk, drive, DVD, or any other physical delivery method. Please enquire about costs for physical delivery methods.

     Billing and Payment

    The non-refundable retainer [Retainer amount] is due to  [Retainer date].

    The full billing amount for this project is due within [Number of days] business days following [Event]. An invoice will be sent upon completion of this project. Here is an estimated cost:

    Subtotal   -:

    Total     -:

    Terms and Agreement

    The terms of this agreement may be changed upon the attention n and agreement of both [Sender.FirstName] [Sender.LastName] and [Client.FirstName] [Client.LastName].

    The signature of both parties below shows the acceptance of this proposal.




    [Sender.FirstName] [Sender.LastName]




    [Client.FirstName] [Client.LastName]

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    How to Write Grant Proposal?

    A grant proposal is the type of document which is written to a particular organization or funding agency with the purpose of convincing the reviewers to provide you with support. grant proposals are an investment in positive change. The grant proposal contains a project summary, cover letter, and problem statement.

    • What is the purpose of a grant proposal?

    In the grant writing process, your organization can discuss and refine those goals and develop a sharper focus on the tasks and projects required to succeed.  grant writing gives non-profit managers an opportunity to develop perseverance.

    What is basically grant proposal include?

    •  here you need deep study about the issue your involvement about different and dissenting voices through the different perspective and then digesting until you can perfectly explain why you need to be changed and what concerns you have also what causing the situation.
    •    It also includes changing the plan about your organization, the degree of change you expect, and how you can track the progress.
    •   find out the actions that have producing similar change and documenting why you need to succeed and deciding what exactly your organization required with the specific time frame.
    •   spectacular accountability by yourself be connect and honest with your staff member, board member, the communication with contributor, Major donor, and grantmakers. celebrating your success with them and learning from failure.

    The writing process of a grant proposal  consists of the following stages:

    1. Proposal summary

    Proposal summary consists of two or three paragraphs short description of the key points or objectives of the project. It should have relevant detail and appropriate. Avoid detail and long description about the organization or project. This section may be the end that you complete as it is a synopsis of the entire proposal.

    1. overview of your business or organization

    Here you include a biography of important staff, your business track record, success stories of the company goals, and philosophy that helps you in company selection. The grant proposal Must include Client recommendations, letters of thanks, feedback from customers and the general public also include all valid industry certifications (ISO or Quality Certifications), licenses, and business and indemnity insurance details.

    You need to show that your company or organization has the capability of both an execution perspective but also meet all legal, safety, and quality obligations. You may need to provide integrity statements to prove that you can meet your financial commitments to your staff and contractors.

    1. Problem statement

    In the problem statement, explain who will benefit the organization and how the solution will be implemented. You may need to do comprehensive research on the history of the ultimate problem, previous solutions that were implemented and potentially failed, and why your solution will make a difference also why your solution is different than you?

    1. Project objectives

    here you need to add details of the desired outcome and how success will be measured. This section provides information about the benefits that the Grantee, community, government, or client will see for their investment.

    Key Performance Indicators explained with specific measurements detailed and when they will be taken (dates) how they will be measured and against what baselines will the results be taken.

    1. Project design

    The project, design include specific topics like Skills needed for success, what additional facilities, transport and support services needed to deliver the project and defined measures for success, Good project management discipline and strategy with detailed requirements specified and individual tasks project schedule will keep a good focus on tasks, deliverables and results.

    1. Project evaluation

    It Covers product and process evaluation. It also includes the time needed for evaluation and who will do the evaluation including the specific skills or products needed and the cost of the evaluation phase of the project.

    The Evaluation needs to have entry and exit criteria and specifically focused on scope activities that’s why this method is very expensive.  All out-of-scope evaluation activities need to be specified as this phase can easily separate budget-wise. solid project management discipline and strategies will keep a good focus on evaluation tasks and results.

    1. Future funding

    This section of your grant proposal is for funding requirements that higher than the project, the total cost of ownership including ongoing maintenance, business, as usual, operational support and may require you to communicative the projected ongoing costs for at least 5 years.

    perfect cost model that includes all factors including inflation, specialist skills, ongoing training, potential future growth, decommissioning expenses when the project or the product reaches the end of life.

    1. Project budget

    How much money is required to be invested to deliver the results? Provide a detailed justification for all expenses including a table of services or service catalog and product offered can be used to clearly and accurately specify the services.


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    How to Write Freelance Proposal?


    What is the Freelance proposal?

    a proposal shows that you understand the potential clients’ ask and needs and also highlight your relevant skills and outlines your plan and here for all work you are the one person who is responsible. Here you include can vary by industry and include A summary of the project proposal.

    What is Exactly Freelance work?

    a freelance job is one where a person works for themselves only rather than for a company. While freelancers do take on contract work for companies and organizations, they are ultimately self-employed people. … Freelancers are not considered as “employees” they are work as  “contractors.”

    What should a proposal tell the client?

    A good proposal defines the services that will be provided in a professional and complete way and should give the client a feeling that you will provide a high-quality product. This feeling will definitely allow you to charge higher rates for the work to be done.

    In the freelance proposal  it’s important that your offer shows that:

    • needs, goal, and ideas of the customer
    • offer the customer the best possible alternative with the best quality
    • consider all wishes and ideas from the company or client.

    Mandatory information in a proposal:

    1. Your name, freelance/business name, address, and logo
    2. Your potential client’s name and address
    3. Client number, proposal number, and date
    4. Detailed subject line
    5. Scope of services / Description
    6. Estimate with net price
    7. Taxes / Discounts (if applicable)
    8. The total amount of the estimate

    Optional additional information:

    1. Timeframe
    2. Personal recommendations
    3. Pitch on why to pick you
    4. Conditions (payment methods, rush/late fees, confidentiality, copyright, etc.)

    Tips for how to write a freelance proposal

    1. Analyze the project description and get to know about the client

    The first and important step when you start your proposal is to have to pay a lot of attention to the client’s view and how the project is described because you can not write a proposal unless you truly understand the need of the client. Here the job description will help you decide on the style of your proposal to present in front of a client.  If a project is described using the correct manner, professional vocabulary, you should answer accordingly. The project description tells you about the company you could be working with. And check the background of your own and get to know the client and his work. Find out the details, these details will get the client’s attention and significantly improve your chances.

    1. Be aware of your own strengths

    Before you start your proposal show your client about your previous work ex. If you are a game developer show him that you have done similar work before or show them you have an interest in the subject in your free time.  List those strengths that fit the project.  list the things you’re good at and prove it. Include examples like how you manage your work in any situation.

    1. work on your strength

    Try to grab the attention of the reader and show them you are perfect for the job from the very first lines. Use your strength for your work. Make sure you are not deviating too much from the style of the project description.

    1. Be specific

    It is important to add specific details about your work and your vision of the project. Be specific about your steps you plan to do in order to accomplish the job and combine that with a timeline.  This will help to convince a client that you have thought carefully about the project and explain how exactly it can be done. Depending on your personal preferences of the project, you can choose a price tag as well.

    1. Be professional and friendly

    • many freelancers need to improve their customer service and professional manners. “Dear John sen,” will always sound better than “Hi.” “Thank you for taking the time to read my application” is the best closing line. You can make your proposal more professional and smart with a friendly closing, like “Best regards,” or “Kind wishes.”
    • Test everything until you find what works for you. The first few months as a freelancer are not easy and you should expect some tough times. But,   your consistency and approach towards your results will eventually show and you will get better at it every day.

    General tips for writing your proposal

    • Make sure with correct Spelling and proofreading. Keep in mind that most non-human spell checkers are not correct. Do it yourself; don’t depend on the autocorrect.
    • Ask clients about their choice for digital or printed proposals.
    • If the client prefers a printed version, use high-quality paper for the proposal, and make sure it looks great.
    • Create your own template and use a template for all your offers to make future creation simpler. It also helps you stay more organized and keep your brand consistent.
    • Follow up with the potential client also follow-up email or phone .let they know you are happy to discuss anything they required.
    • Be nice and professional With the proposal, your goal is to provide important information to the client.  the proposal is key to making a good first impression.


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    How to Write Course proposal template?


    What is a course proposal?

    The purpose of a course proposal is to provide catalog information along with the course’s purpose, content outline, learning outcomes, and methods for assessing student learning. … A course proposal is a communication tool, a data entry mechanism, and a historical document.

    Purpose of the course proposal

    The course proposal thus has a dual purpose: (1) to provide accurate and up-to-date course information for the College Catalog so that students can determine what they might expect to learn from the course and (2) to provide an outline of the course requirements for any instructor who will be designing and/or teaching the course.

    Checklist for course proposal

    Checklist for a course proposal submission

    • Are all of the fields completed? One field that often gets left off is the “permit-required” selection. Be sure to select “yes” or “no” for this option.
    • Is the course hybrid? If the course is not 100% online or FtoF, it needs to be clear what part is done in which modality. If it’s offered in both modalities, be clear about this in the proposal.
    • Is the course repeatable? If so, how are the iterations different? NOTE: “Repeatable” in this context means that a student can take a different iteration of the course for credit. If there are different iterations, the different topics need to noted (typically under “materials”). Repeatable does not mean that the student can re-take the course for a better grade.

    How are the student learning outcomes (SLOs) written?

    • Learning outcomes = specific, measurable, and observable skills that the students will be able to demonstrate by the end of the course. The learning outcomes often start with the phrase “By the end of the course, the students will be able to…” and should include cognition-based action verbs (analyze, organize, synthesize, formulate, identify, evaluate, demonstrate, calculate, develop, etc.).
    • This is a state requirement, so get help at the beginning of the process if needed. Poorly-written SLO’s are one of the top reasons a course gets bounced back to the faculty.
    • Are sample references or other explanations of readings listed? Not all courses will have a textbook, but at the graduate level, readings should definitely be involved.
    • Does the syllabus match the information provided on the online form? Are the university required components there (i.e. religious observances, SDS statement, etc.)? The link for the syllabus template is here: http://www.usf.edu/atle/teaching/syllabus.aspx
    • Have the supplemental forms been uploaded? At a minimum, each proposal needs two supplemental documents: the syllabus and the signature form (also verify that that concurrence information has been filled out).
    • Would you like your course to have enrollment restrictions or not? Having restrictions may limit enrollment, but there might be a good reason for putting restrictions on the course. Whatever your decision, consider the ramifications carefully.
    • What qualifications for training and/or experience are necessary to teach this course? Suggesting wording is as follows: A Ph.D. (or terminal degree) in —–, as advanced knowledge of and expertise in —–, are required to teach the course’s topics and properly advise students on research and other assignments in this course. Note that the “18 credits in the area of specialization” rule is only applicable for undergraduate courses. Graduate courses require a terminal degree in the area of special

    Course proposal template

    Course description:

    A VERY brief description of the course content, typically as short as 1-2 sentences. This is what goes in the catalog (this typically isn’t on the syllabus).

    Course objectives:

    A more detailed description of what will happen in the course, including topics to be covered (similar to the course description with more details about topics). Typically 3 -5 broad topics suffice; however, it’s better if this section isn’t just a list of topics, rather a description of the learning needed to realize the overall goal/purpose.

    The format of the section is flexible. Student Learning Outcomes (SLOs): Specific statements of observable and measurable skills/knowledge that the students will have acquired by the end of the class. It’s useful for this section to start with something like, “By the end of the course, the students will be able to…” and then a list of what they will be able to do at the end of the course.

    Student Learning Outcomes (SLOs)

    This course is designed so that students will be able to:

    1. Demonstrate knowledge of curriculum theories and theorists.
    2. Differentiate among multiple curriculum traditions.
    3. Critically examine curriculum texts, past and present.
    4. Evaluate issues at the intersection of curriculum and diversity.
    5. Demonstrate self-reflexive curriculum theorizing and leading.
    6. Create curriculum inquiry outcomes using technology (i.e., review, report, essay, pedagogical case).

    A good course outline allows students to assess the course for fit with their learning needs, clearly understand what is expected of them and how they will benefit from the instruction.

    There are many possible components to a course outline but a basic course outline
    is presented below and can be customized to work within various corporate training and continuing education situations.

    Creating a course outline template is an efficient way to standardize course outlines and catalog details for future revisions or offerings. It is an integral part of a course proposal.

    Course Outline Template

    A course outline should include the following sections:

    1. Course Name, Number, Credits, and Description
    2. Prerequisites/Co-requisites
    3. Instructors Name, Contact Info, and Bio
    4. Course Schedule
    5. Learning Outcomes
    6. Content Breakdown by Session
    7. Instructional Methods Used
    8. Course Evaluation Process, Policies, and Grading Scale
    9. Classroom Rules/Code of Conduct Expectations
    10. Course Materials

    Basic Course Information

    Course Name, Number, Credits, and Description

    Avoid using cute names that do not clearly indicate the course content. Choose a simple name that conveys the depth and breadth of the subject that will be taught. Assigning course numbers (a 3-4 letter code and/or number) will clearly show potential students the level of the course.

    For example, courses numbered from 100 to 200 are typically beginner or foundation courses whereas courses numbered 300 or higher are typically associated with a more advanced level discussion of the topic.

    A course description is an important part of the course outline. The course description needs to reflect exactly what will be covered in the course and how learning will be assessed by assignments and/or tests.


    If the course is at an advanced level, it may be wise to request a prerequisite (a course that must be completed prior) or a co-requisite (a course that is taken concurrently). This ensures that students have a foundation-level knowledge of the topic before completing the more advanced course.

    Instructors Name, Contact Info, and Bio

    Provide the name of the instructor, his or her contact information, website, and/or biographical information. The bio should stress the instructor’s qualifications that pertain to the subject matter. List the instructor’s degrees and professional qualifications.

    Course Schedule

    Include the dates, times, and location of the sessions. Also, include special parking instructions or dates the class will be canceled or rescheduled due to a holiday.

    How and What Students Will Learn

    Learning Outcomes

    The learning outcomes are the goals of the course i.e. what the course is meant to teach students. Often it is the learning outcomes that help a student determine if the course will meet their needs. It is important to use language that does not make false promises.

    For example, “Students will learn to…” statements can not be guaranteed as learning is highly variable based on student effort. Instead, start outcome statements with “Students will receive instruction on…” or “Students will be introduced to…”.

    Content Breakdown by Session

    Typically this section of the course outline is a session-by-session breakdown of the topics or course content covered. List the dates of the sessions or refer to each session with phrases such as “week one” or “day one”.

    Instructional Methods Used

    Describe the types of learning styles addressed in the course through the instructional methods used i.e. lecture only, lecture and group work, a mixture of online study and in-class work, etc.

    Course Participation and Evaluation Guidelines

    Course Evaluation Process, Policies, and Grading Scale

    Students will be very interested in how their learning will be evaluated through tests, assignments, projects, etc. List the different evaluation tools to be used with the percent of the final grade they represent.

    Also, include exam writing policies such as whether exams can be taken at a later date with a doctor’s note or whether late assignments will be accepted.

    Classroom Rules/Code of Conduct Expectations

    An outline of consequences should students be caught plagiarizing, cheating, or acting out in class is outlined in this section.

    Course Materials

    Course materials include:

    • Required and Optional Texts
    • Readings both pre-readings and course readings
    • Supplies and equipment needed

    A well-written course outline can be a great course marketing tool, can set clear expectations for students,s and help instructors to prepare lesson plans. A good course outline can also help record course structure for future offerings.

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    How to Write Upwork Proposal?

    What is basically upwork?

    Upwork is a huge marketplace for freelancers in fields like writing, graphic design, and web development. This site helps professionals find projects, communicate with clients, and get paid. Upwork connects to new as well as experienced freelancers, businessmen of all sizes, and agencies for their hiring needs.

    What is the purpose of the Upwork proposal?

    The goal of the Upwork proposal and profile is to get clients on the phone to discuss their projects. They write their  Upwork proposal to convince the client to pay to work with them.  Your proposal is your first interaction with an important client.

    So through this best Upwork proposal, you can get the opportunity to introduce yourself, highlight your expertise, and show the client why you are the best candidate for the contract.

    steps for How To  write a proposal on Upwork

    1. Restate their core problem.

    This section explains the core problem. In this after initiating “Hello!” you can restate the customer problem to them using their own words.

    1. Tell them you can help solve their problem in the right way.

    This section helps you to solve problems incorrectly way.  The key is that the client is looking for someone to help with a problem they are having. They want a fast solution. By telling them you want to help them so this is the right way to start. You are providing solutions to them this is the only thing they want.

    1. explain why you are a perfect fit for them

    Explain to them your experience, your education related to their work, your expertise, you can also state your price even if you don’t have relevant experience from this field still trying to prove to them how you can help them with your skillset. Through this, you can explain to them why you are perfect for them.

    1. Describe the process of guidance

    This section describes the process of guidance for individual freelancers for their upwork proposal.  Depending on how specific the requirements were in the job posting, you will spend anywhere from two sentences to two paragraphs explaining the path you will guide them down. Give them a short video into the process that you are going to walk them through. Through this process, you can guide them in a perfect way.

    1. Attachments

    A properly designed and well-documented onboarding process can help you in building credibility.  You can screenshot of the document that you can regularly attach to important new accounting clients.

    By attaching this to your proposal, they can see that you have a structure and process to bring on a new client, which will calmness their mind about working with me. It shows them that you know a clear process that will make it easier for them. It shows a level of professionalism that puts you at a different level.


    Using the pricing templates for proposals on Upwork has multiple advantages, and the biggest of all advantages is for clients who are with a limited budget so they afford their project.  Other advantages as follows-:

    1. Clarity about cost
    2. Reduces the risk of being unpaid out completely as the client easily agrees on partial payments.
    3. Remove good to have requirements that otherwise may have been included.
    4. Clients become aware that if you have more requirements that means it required more price.
    5. Better evaluation of the complete requirement of clients as you are estimating in small parts.
    6. Increase in client’s confidence to work with you because of price transparency.

    Upwork Proposal Sample

    Finally, here is the  Upwork proposal sample.


    Thanks for sharing your ……. requirement here on Upwork and I will be very happy to help you. Let me share with you my expertise with ………… along with ………………..

    For the past 10 years, I have been working in ………… along with…………… for my clients. Here are the samples I would like to share with you.

    • Example1. -: I have been the lead developer to develop functionality 1 and functionality 2.
    • Example 2 -: I have integrated ……….. using ………. etc. You can also see my Upwork profile for feedback for many ………… development work.

    Coming back to your requirement …

    I can start your project as soon as possible and look forward to working with you.




    1. This is the second Upwork proposal for sales and marketing.


    Thanks for posting your sales and marketing requirement here in Upwork Marketplace and I will be very happy to help you. Let me share with you about my expertise with Google and Facebook Ads to drive business in …….. niche.

    I do PPC ads for my blog ……….. and also have a conversion ratio of close to……… from Google Ad click to a lead when we offer a lead magnet in the form of…………………here for some of my clients, the conversion has been better than ………..as well. I improved the conversion for Client … from …… to …..  by changing the landing page copy along with the ad copy. Here you can check my Upwork profile for feedback on lead generation with Google and Facebook Ads.

    Now coming back to your requirement.

    I can start your project as soon as possible and look forward to working with you.




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    How to Write Sale Proposal?

    What is a sales proposal?

    A sales proposal is a document a person or a business uses to grow their services or products to potential clients and customers. Sales proposals can be used by sales teams, consultants, agencies, and anyone looking to show how they can achieve their target market with their offerings.

    Best  sales proposal will help you achieve the following outcomes:

    • It shows that you fully understand the needs of your prospect. It proves that you have deeply understood their needs based on your previous conversations or their request for a proposal (RFP).
    • sale proposal convinces your prospect you are the best solution available to them. A great proposal will link the challenges your prospective faces with the benefits of your offer. As a result, your anticipation can see a future version of themselves that successfully solved their challenge thanks to your product or service.
    • It inspires them to take action. It gives your anticipation the confidence that they have all the information they need to make their decision. This includes clarity around budget, deliverables, and the steps they must take to forward the process.

    Basically, a winning sales proposal clearly conveys the value of working with you. It’s unique, clear, and tailored to your prospect’s needs and expectations.

    Sales proposal examples and template

    There are two main types of sales proposal:

    • Solicited sales proposal

    If you are sending a proposal after talking to your prospect or receiving a request for a proposal, here you need to create a solicited proposal.

    • Unsolicited sales proposal

    If your prospect isn’t expecting your proposal then you are sending an unsolicited proposal. In the unsolicited proposals keep in mind when you set your expectations here recipient has not budgeted for your offering or planned for it. Use our templates linked below to increase your chances, whether your proposal is solicited or not

    How to write your sales proposal in simple steps

    Step 1:  Understand what your prospect is looking for in this section? What is your prospect looking to achieve? Which problem are you solving?   In the  sales proposal,  You will  get the answers  in one of two ways:

    • From the request for proposal
    • From conversations with the prospect during your lead qualification conversations

    Some other related questions you should answer in this step are:

    • Who is the decision-maker and explain their roles?
    • What is the bigger impact of solving this problem for your prospect?
    • Have they specified the format of the solution they looking for (e.g. software, consulting, outsourcing…)?

    Step 2: Dive into deeper research

    In this section, it is all about gathering the information your prospect also gives about details.  This includes detailed points such as:

    • Recent news about their company example- funding rounds or significant hires
    • The content they are sharing on social media
    • Conversations they are having on social media
    • Interviews they have given (both for new hires and in the press)
    • Conferences and trade shows they attend
    • Online groups (Facebook groups, Slack communities, LinkedIn groups, Twitter chats) are active in

    They can help you get support on the reason the client is looking to move in a new direction with a solution in your field.

    Step 3: List the content  of your sales proposal

    The sale proposal will include most or all of these building blocks:

    • Title or front page
    • About us (company background)
    • Challenges and goals/outcomes
    • Proposed solutions (one or a few products/services)
    • Pricing
    • Timeline with key dates
    • Case studies
    • Client testimonials
    • Terms
    • Next steps (solution selection, space for signature, and date)

    Step 4: Outline and draft your sales proposal

    Write the list of your building blocks into the sub-headers for your proposal’s main section. After making a draft of the text for each of them, drawing from your research and the request for proposal. make sure your proposal is long as two or three pages. include only required information in the proposal. This will help you get an idea of how your offering could fit into your prospect’s life.

    Step 5: Edit and proofread.

    You can use these points to  revise your sales proposal:

    • Order your pricing from high to low
    • Replace complex statements
    • Use Shorten sentences
    • Make a note on areas wherever possible.
    • Use a consistent tone of voice in the whole proposal
    • Use order of sections that makes sense and flows naturally

    Through these steps you can  ensure your sales proposal is professional, easy to read, and error-free:

    • Use a tool like Hemingway so you can check whether it is overloaded with passive voice and hard-to-read sentences
    • Run it through a checker like Grammarly for grammar mistakes and other mistakes.

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    How to Write Partnership Proposal?



    How to write a partnership proposal?

    A business partnership proposal is a type of document that describes a joint venture between a proponent and a prospective partner. It states the objectives and benefits of the collaboration to convince the partner firm of its potential.

    The Advantages of Business Partnerships

    1. More Accountability
    2. Wider Scope of Knowledge and Expertise
    3. Bigger Investments
    4. Higher Standards
    5. Better Sense of Cooperation

    How to Create a Business Partnership Proposal

    Listed below is a step-by-step guide to help you how to write a business partnership proposal that tackles all the necessary points of a successful plan.

    Step 1: Do Your Research

    Try to search-related companies related to your business. It might be that these companies have the offer your business better market exposure and visibility that you could not otherwise afford. There might be any reason but it is essential to be knowledgeable about what you are getting yourself into.

    You can learn more about the company by looking into its history, employees, and industry performance over the past years. The more you know about the business, the more insights you get regarding its importance to stand above the competition. This also sends a good sign that how serious you are about your work.

    Step 2: Explain How Your Values in a particular form

    In case two businesses are capable of individual success, it doesn’t require that they are compatible as partners. It is difficult that your values and cultures as companies in line with one another to keep both parties on the same page.

    It is an opportunity for you to prove how you may skills and technologies for the success of a future partnership plan. That is because working at odds can be bad for a joint business that is meant to prosper on a shared goal. This will only create problems down the road and lead your business to a difficult end.

    Step 3: Focus on the Value Proposition

    Partnership proposals are different than Sales Letters, but as the letters, they help to highlight your company’s capabilities and achievements clearly and properly.  It shows what the protector can contribute to the partnership that no other business can.

    In every working relationship, expectations are set by both parties to secure that those involved are able to benefit from the arrangement. It is a critical matter that troubles any wise investor.

    Step 4: Discuss How the Partnership Will Conclude

    Partnership proposals provide assurance for firms that fear the worst for the joint venture. It is for every business partnership to want to work it out for the long term, or at least draw itself to a cordial end. Working relationships like these sometimes come to a close due to multiple internal or external factors.

    This includes interpersonal issues that are difficult to resolve, along with market changes that lead to effectively low ROIs. Thus, the proposal must up on date how the partnership will dissolve under certain difficulties in order to protect the correct and resources of all parties.

    The Dos and Don’ts of a Business Partnership Proposal as follows-


    1. Do write for your audience.

    Potential partners are always going to be doubtful about the idea of collaborating with other businesses. Partnerships are basically to be an effective way in which both parties may benefit from. If you want to convince someone to invest in something trustworthy show what you can bring to the table.  It can be approached during a verbal discussion and then explain in a written proposal.

    make sure that what you are proposing offers can be a direct solution to their problems. Sometimes What works for one client may not work for another client, so do some research before making a move.

    1. Do attempt to go 50/50.

    Many people will warn you about the trouble of going equal. It is a tough decision to make, given how you are putting a lot at stake when you finally enter the Partnership Contract.

    A 50/50 partnership would give chance to both parties to take a decision in every task of their company. The success of the company should also come as a priority for both partners, so if both parties are equally loyal to this goal, so here the  50/50 partnership could be your best option.

    1. Do prioritize your business goals.

    Just because you are writing to impress your audience doesn’t mean you can ignore the goals of your business.  The purpose of the brand partnership is to help your business expand to other markets.

    The primary objective of the proposal is to give important partners a reason to do business with you. That means looking for a company that encourages your goals and culture in order to develop a relationship fit for the long run.


    1. Don’t partner with someone you don’t know.

    It’s a bad idea to partner with someone you don’t know or have never worked with. Family members and friends should be within limit if necessary. Keep in mind that mixing business with your personal relationships can sometimes lead to emotional arguments that are difficult to fix.

    It also makes it difficult for you to make decisions in fear that your partner might take things personally. Unless you have already worked with the person on a past project, only then should you consider a  partnership. A healthy working relationship comes from your ability to form a strong foundation that both parties may develop together.

    1. Don’t be too ambitious.

    Make sure your business partner is not bigger than you because it is terrifying to experience when your partner’s business is bigger than you.  There’s a fine line between aiming high and claiming the difficult. Thus, you have to take your company’s resources into account before partnering with a business that is confined to expect more from you.

    1. Don’t make it wordy.

    Quality over quantity—always. Your readers won’t have the time to read the lengthy proposals.  They only want to take what is necessary from it before deciding what to do. A smart approach and informative summary of what you want to propose. Try to add what your audience would want to read and get from your proposal.

    1. Don’t produce an unclear output.

    It’s not easy to convey your thoughts and ideas to a potential partner, as you need to learn how to target your audience directly by telling them what they want to hear. So here you don’t want to give them too much information, the proposal should be specific and redrafting enough to give someone a reason to trust you and your Business Plans.


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